Nepal maintains position in seventh annual Human Freedom Index



Nepal retains its position in the seventh annual Human Freedom Index co-published by the Cato Institute and the Fraser Institute in Canada yesterday.

The HFI ranks 84th out of 165 countries and territories based on 82 separate indicators of personal, civil and economic freedom, using data from 2008 to 2019, the most recent year for which sufficient data is available.

According to HFI-2019, Nepal scored 7.12 out of 10 for human freedom.

Likewise, Nepal’s personal and economic freedom scores are 7.41 and 6.71, respectively.

Although Nepal ranks 84th in the world in terms of human freedom, it ranks first among South Asian countries – Bhutan 98th, Sri Lanka 112th, India 119th, Bangladesh 142nd and Pakistan 145th. Afghanistan and the Maldives are not included in the index. The countries that took the top 10 places, in order, were Switzerland, New Zealand, Denmark, Estonia, Ireland, Canada and Finland (tied at 6), Australia , Sweden and Luxembourg. The ten least free countries in descending order are Libya, Burundi and Iraq (tied at 157), Somalia, Iran, Egypt, Sudan, Yemen, Venezuela and Syria.

According to the index, freedom has declined for 83% of the world’s population since 2008. “The report shows the importance of global freedom for improving human well-being and enabling people to lead the lives they want to live. “Said Ian Vásquez. , vice-president of international studies at the Cato Institute and co-author of the report’s index. “The data is of particular concern as it is pre-pandemic and we expect further deterioration in future reports,” he said.

Overall, the report finds that there is an uneven distribution of freedom around the world, with only 14.6% of the world’s population living in the top quartile of HFI jurisdictions and 40.3% living in the top quartile. inferior.

The human freedom gap between the freest and least free jurisdictions has widened since 2008, increasing by 6.6% when comparing the top and bottom quartiles of HFI nations.

The HFI captures the degree to which people are free to enjoy important rights such as freedom of expression, religion, association and assembly, and measures freedom of movement, women’s freedoms, crime and violence , and legal discrimination against same-sex relationships.

A version of this article appears in the December 18, 2021 print of The Himalayan Times.

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