Spike in POCSO offenses leads to increase in ‘crimes against children’ in Nagaland | MorungExpress
Data source: “Crimes in India” (various years), National Crime Records Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Images in plot area: pixabay.com
• ‘Kidnapping & Abduction’ Lead IPC Crimes
• NCRB data highlights 1 case of “infanticide”
Dimapur | September 3
In 2021, “crimes against children” in Nagaland jumped more than 77% from the previous year, according to the latest report released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).
According to the report, a total of 55 cases were recorded under “crimes against children” in the state, up from 31 in 2021. The NCRB report is compiled based on data provided by states or territories in the state. Union (UT).
However, in terms of absolute numbers, Nagaland had the lowest cases among states in India, and only the union territories (UTs) of Pondicherry (50) and Lakshadweep (26) were below the ‘State. This meant 6.2 children per 1 lakh population with a billing rate of 80.4.
Offenses included those committed under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special and Local Laws (SLL).
In a more concerning note, however, further analysis of the report highlighted that the increase in crime against children has been propelled by cases under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses Act 2012 (POCSO). , enacted to “protect children from the offenses of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography and provide for the establishment of special tribunals to try these offenses and related cases and incidents.
In 2021, violations under POCSO law in Nagaland nearly doubled from 18 to 31, the highest since 2017, when there were 41 cases. This denotes an increase of over 72.22% from 2020.
Incidentally, analysis of NCRB reports over the years showed that crime against children was highest in 2017 at 93, with almost half of the cases (41) recorded under POCSO.
Crime against children then decreased until 2020, before increasing in 2021. (See chart)
Types of offenses
Outside of POCSO, the highest crimes against children were “kidnapping and kidnapping” involving 10 incidents and 11 victims under IPC. There were 11 such cases in 2020.
Under the IPC’s Crimes Against Children, there were 2 cases of serious injury as well as 2 designated as other crimes and 1 each for murder, exposure and abandonment, and simple injury.
Incidentally, the 2021 report pointed out that there had been a case of “infanticide”.
Overall, there have been a total of 18 ICC crimes against children, indicating a crime rate of 2.2 per lakh population, compared to a national average of 20.4.
Meanwhile, under the POCSO law which is an SLL crime, out of 31 cases, the 33 victims were all girls.
As a result, the crime rate was 3.8 lakh population against the all India rate of 12.1.
Two offenses were also committed under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act.
Cases under POCSO are reflected in the overall “crimes against women” in Nagaland in 2021, which jumped 38.46% from 2020. It jumped from 39 in 2020 to 54 in 2021.
While it is unclear whether the increase in cases was due to more reporting or an increase in incidences, the report indicated a “worrying” trend in Nagaland and more proper study is needed.
Crime against children up 16.2% in India
Meanwhile, across India, a total of 1,49,404 cases of crimes against children were recorded in 2021, an increase of 16.2% from 2020 (1,28,531 cases), the report says. .
In percentage terms, the main counts of crimes under the heading “Crimes against children” in 2020 were kidnapping and abduction (45.0%) and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses Act 2012 (38, 1%), including child rape.
The recorded crime rate per lakh of children is 33.6 in 2021 compared to 28.9 in 2020.