TIMELINE – The Life and Death of Queen Elizabeth
Queen Elizabeth, Britain’s longest-reigning monarch and the nation’s figurehead for seven decades, died on September 8 at the age of 96. His funeral is on Monday. Here is a timeline of the Queen’s life and reign:
April 21, 1926 – Elizabeth was born at 2:40 a.m. at 17 Bruton Street, London, and baptized on May 29 of the same year in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace. Dec. 11, 1936 – She becomes heiress apparent, aged 10, when her uncle Edward VIII abdicates and her father becomes King George VI.
Nov. 20, 1947 – She marries Navy Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, a Greek prince, at Westminster Abbey in London. November 14, 1948 – Eldest son Charles is born.
August 15, 1950 – Birth of his daughter Anne. February 1952 – Princess Elizabeth and her husband Prince Philip embark on a tour of Africa and Asia in place of her ailing father, King George VI.
Feb. 6, 1952 – News of the king’s death reaches her in Kenya, meaning she is the first ruler in over 200 years to take the throne overseas. June 2, 1953 – Queen Elizabeth is crowned at Westminster Abbey in the first televised coronation service.
Nov. 24, 1953 – The Queen’s first Commonwealth tour begins over a distance of 43,618 miles. February 19, 1960 – The second son, Prince Andrew, is born.
March 10, 1964 – The youngest son, Prince Edward, is born. March 1970 – During a visit to New Zealand, the Queen introduces the “walkabout”, a dating tactic for royal visits.
1977 – The Queen celebrates her Silver Jubilee – 25 years as monarch – with a tour of Commonwealth countries and lavish celebrations in Britain. July 29, 1981 – Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer in a glittering ceremony.
June 21, 1982 – Birth of Charles and Diana’s first child, Prince William. September 15, 1984 – Charles and Diana’s youngest son, Prince Harry, is born.
July 23, 1986 – Prince Andrew marries fiery publishing executive Sarah Ferguson, known as ‘Fergie’. The couple become Duke and Duchess of York. May 14-26, 1991 – The Queen visits the United States and becomes the first monarch to address Congress.
1992 – Her 40th year on the throne, which she calls her “annus horribilis” (horrible year), is marred by marital upheaval and public dissent. March 19, 1992 – Andrew and Sarah announce their separation.
April 13, 1992 – Palace announces the divorce of Anne and Mark Phillips. November 10, 1992 – Windsor Castle is badly damaged by fire.
Nov. 26, 1992 – The Queen agrees to pay income tax. December 9, 1992 – Charles and Diana announce their separation.
Mar. 20, 1995 – The Queen delivers the first speech by a British monarch to a South African parliament since 1947. Dec. 20, 1995 – Buckingham Palace confirms the Queen has written to Charles and Diana urging them to divorce.
August 28, 1996 – Charles and Diana divorce. August 31, 1997 – Diana and her millionaire companion Dodi al-Fayed are killed in a car accident while being chased through Paris by photographers on motorbikes. The Queen and the Royal Family are being criticized for their reserved response.
November 20, 1997 – Large crowds greet the Queen and Philip as they celebrate their golden wedding anniversary. In an uncharacteristically candid speech, the Queen acknowledges that monarchies survive only on public support. Feb. 9, 2002 – The Queen’s sister Princess Margaret dies aged 71 after a life of glamor and heartbreak.
March 30, 2002 – Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, dies at Windsor Castle aged 101. June 1-4, 2002 – Four days of national celebrations mark the Queen’s Golden Jubilee.
April 9, 2005 – His son and heir Prince Charles marries Camilla Parker Bowles in a civil ceremony in Windsor. April 29, 2011 – The Queen attends the wedding of her grandson Prince William and Kate Middleton.
May 17-20, 2011 – The Queen is on a four-day state visit to Ireland, the first by a British monarch since Ireland gained independence from London in 1921. June 2-5, 2012 – The Diamond Jubilee to mark his 60th anniversary on the throne sees four days of celebrations as well as a national tour. A million people gather for a show on the Thames and millions more attend street parties.
July 22, 2013 – Prince William’s wife Kate gives birth to her son, Prince George. June 23-26, 2014 – The Queen begins her final foreign state visit to Germany.
September 9, 2014 – Around 5.30pm UK time, Elizabeth becomes the country’s longest-reigning monarch, surpassing her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria. May 2, 2015 – Birth of William and Kate’s daughter, Princess Charlotte.
April 21, 2016 – Elizabeth celebrates her 90th birthday, the first British monarch to achieve such a milestone. August 2, 2017 – Husband Philip is stepping down from public life after 65 years of supporting his wife.
November 20, 2017 – Elizabeth and Philip celebrate their 70th wedding anniversary with a private party at Windsor Castle. April 23, 2018 – William and Kate’s youngest child, Prince Louis, has been born.
May 19, 2018 – The Queen’s grandson Prince Harry marries Meghan Markle, a divorced American actress from Los Angeles, in a star-studded wedding at Windsor Castle. October 20, 2019 – A family row between William and Harry goes public, with the young prince confirming the rumors of a split.
Nov. 15, 2019 – Prince Andrew gives a disastrous BBC TV interview in a bid to put an end to a sex scandal. Days later, he was forced to step down from royal duties over his ties to disgraced US financier Jeffrey Epstein, who was jailed in 2008 for child sex crimes. January 8, 2020 – Harry and Meghan announce they will no longer be working members of the Royal Family. They move to Los Angeles in March.
April 5, 2020 – The Queen is making just the fifth TV special of her reign to rally the nation amid the COVID-19 outbreak. April 9, 2021 – Prince Philip, the Queen’s husband of 73 years, dies peacefully aged 99 at Windsor Castle.
Oct. 20, 2021 – The Queen is spending a night in hospital for the first time in years for what Buckingham Palace has described as ‘preliminary enquiries’. November 30, 2021 – Barbados becomes a republic, meaning the Queen is now the head of state of just 15 kingdoms.
Jan. 13, 2022 – Buckingham Palace says Prince Andrew has been stripped of his military ties and royal patronages and will no longer be known as ‘His Royal Highness’ as he defends a US lawsuit brought by Virginia Giuffre who said the royal sexually assaulted her when she was a teenager. Feb. 6, 2022 – The Queen marks her 70th year on the throne, taking the opportunity to give her blessing to Charles’ second wife, Camilla, who is called queen consort when he becomes king.
Feb. 15, 2022 – Prince Andrew is paying an undisclosed sum to settle the US lawsuit, but admits no wrongdoing. Feb. 20, 2022 – The Queen has tested positive for COVID-19 and is believed to be suffering from mild cold symptoms. She will soon resume her official duties.
May 9, 2022 – The Queen withdraws from the ceremonial opening of parliament due to mobility issues. June 2-5, 2022 – Four days of celebration in Britain mark the Queen’s Platinum Jubilee. The Queen herself has to pull out of several events due to “episodic mobility issues”, but says she has been “humbled” by the support she has received.
September 6, 2022 – The Queen is carrying out what will be her last public duties, accepting the resignation of Prime Minister Boris Johnson at Balmoral Castle and appointing his replacement Liz Truss – the 15th Prime Minister of her reign. September 8, 2022 – Queen Elizabeth dies at Balmoral, aged 96.
September 11, 2022 – His coffin is driven into Edinburgh, past tens of thousands of mourners along the route. September 13, 2022 – Tens of thousands of people line the streets of London as the coffin is flown to the capital and taken to Buckingham Palace.
September 14-19, 2022 – The Queen’s body lies in state at Westminster Hall. Hundreds of thousands of people lined up for hours to file past his coffin. (Editing by Alex Richardson and Angus MacSwan)
(This story has not been edited by the Devdiscourse team and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)