US life expectancy at birth drops to 77 in 2020

The 50 states and DC positions are shrinking, while women expected to outlive men overall.

The COVID-19 pandemic and drug overdose deaths have lowered life expectancy in the United States in 2020.

Compared to the previous year, the life expectancy at birth of Americans fell to 77 years, with an age of 74.2 years for men and 79.9 years for women, according to the last National Vital Statistics Report from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) of the US Department of Health and Human Services.

“Overall, life expectancy in the United States decreased by 1.8 years between 2019 and 2020, primarily due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the increase in unintentional injuries (primarily drug overdose deaths). drugs),” the report said.

Among the 50 states and Washington DC, Hawaii leads with an average life expectancy at birth of 80.7 years. Females had a life expectancy of 83.8 years and males had a life expectancy of 77.6 years.

At the bottom of the scale was Mississippi, with an average life expectancy at birth of 71.9 years. It was 68.6 for men and 75.2 for women, according to NVSS figures.

Southern states generally had the lowest life expectancies, though this group includes DC, Indiana, Missouri, New Mexico, Ohio, and Oklahoma. Those with the longest expected lifespans were generally found in the West – California, Hawaii, Idaho, Oregon and Washington – and in the Northeast – Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont.

on the decline

The decline in average life expectancy from birth has not been the same for all states. New York saw the biggest decline, falling from 80.7 in 2019 to 77.7 in 2020 over three years. Hawaii saw the smallest decline, from 80.9 in 2019 to 80.7 in 2020.

Oregon, Washington, Maine and New Hampshire all recorded declines of less than a year, while 13 states recorded declines of two years or more: South Carolina, Michigan, Kentucky, Indiana, Alabama, Texas, Illinois, New Mexico, Mississippi, Arizona, New Jersey, Louisiana and DC

Gender ages

Women had longer life expectancies in every state and DC

“The gender difference in life expectancy in the United States was 5.7 years in 2020, ranging from a high of 7.0 years in DC to a low of 3.9 years in Utah,” indicates the report. “With few exceptions, the states with the largest gender differences are those with the lowest life expectancy at birth, while the smallest gender differences are found primarily among states with life expectancy is the highest.”

worldly perspective

Hawaii and Mississippi, which the NVSS ranked at the top and bottom of the pack, respectively, matched those in a Commonwealth Fund report titled “Americans in Every State Are Dying Younger Than people in many other countries,” posted earlier this month. It compared life expectancy among the 50 states, DC and other developed countries that are part of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.

The Commonwealth Fund report called for a strong commitment to community-based primary care, universal insurance coverage, reduced administrative burdens and well-resourced social services to support patients. His report and the NVSS numbers didn’t exactly match the ranks, but the states generally ranked the same for longer and shorter life expectancies.

What happens afterwards?

The report did not speculate whether life expectancy figures could worsen for 2021, during which the COVID-19 pandemic and opioid crisis have continued.

The National Center for Health Statistics estimated that drug overdose deaths reached an estimated record 107,622 in 2021, up nearly 15% from an estimated 93,655 deaths in 2020. JAMA internal medicine A study published in July found that COVID-19 was the third leading cause of death in the United States, behind heart disease and cancer, from March 2020 to October 2021.


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